George II king of Great Britain


Date of Birth:     November 10, 1683

Place of Birth:     Germany

Father:     George I of Great Britian

Mother:     Sophia Dorothea of Celle

Children:     Frederick Prince of Wales ,Prince William Duke and More

GrandChildren:     George III Carroline Matilda of Great Britian

Predecessor:      George I

Successor:     George III

Date of Death:     25 October 9 , 1760

Religion:     Protestant

Biography

George was born in the town of Hanover in the Federal Republic of Germany, followed by his sister, Sophia Dorothea, three years later. Their folks, Saint George Joseph Louis Barrow, Hereditary patrician of Brunswick-Luneburg, and Sophia Dorothea of Celle, each committed criminal conversation. In 1694 the wedding was dissolved on the pretext that Sophia had abandoned her husband. She was confined to Ahlden House and denied access to her two kids; in all probability, the UN agency ne'er saw their mother once more. George spoke solely French, the language of diplomacy and therefore the court, till the age of four, when he was schooled in German by one of his tutors, Johann Hilmar milcher. Additionally, he conjointly learned English and Italian to French and German and studied kinship groups, military history, and battle ways with explicit diligence. Once removed, George's relative, Queen Anne, ascended the thrones of the European nation, Scotland, and the empire in 1702. She had no living kids, and by the Act of Settlement 1701, the country Parliament selected Anne's nearest Protestant blood relatives, George's grandparent Sophia and her descendants, as Anne's heirs in the European nation and empire. Consequently, when his grandparent and father, Saint George, was third in line to succeed Anne in two of her three realms. He was naturalized as an associate degree English subject in 1705 by the Sophia Naturalization Act, and in 1706 he created a Knight of the Garter and created Duke and Marquess of Cambridge, peer of Milford Haven, Viscount Northallerton, and Baron Tewkesbury within the baronage of a European nation. European nation and Scotland united in 1707 to create the pleasant kingdom's dominion and accepted the succession set down by the country's Act of Settlement. Caroline of Ansbach by Godfrey Kneller, 1716 George's father failed to need his son to enter into a loveless organized wedding as he had and wished him to own the chance of meeting his bride before any formal arrangements were created. Negotiations from 1702 for the hand of patrician Hedvig Sophia of Scandinavian country, widow noblewoman and regent of Holstein-Gottorp, came to zilch. In June 1705, under the assumed name "Monsieur DE Busch," Saint George visited the Ansbach court at its summer residence in Triesdorf to research a concealed wedding prospect: Caroline of Ansbach, the previous ward of his aunty Queen Sophia Charlotte of geographic region. Country envoy to Hanover Edmund Poley reported that Saint George was thus taken by "the sensible character he had of her that he would not think about anybody else." a wedding contract was finished by the tip of the Gregorian calendar month. George was keen to participate in the war against France in Flanders. However, his father refused to let him be part of the military in a full-of-life role till he had a son and heir. In early 1707 George's hopes were consummated once Caroline gave birth to a son, Frederick. In Gregorian calendar month, Caroline fell seriously sick with pox, and Saint George caught the infection when staying by her facet devotedly throughout her health problem. They each recovered. In 1708 Saint George participated in the Battle of Oudenarde within the vanguard of the Hanoverian cavalry; his horse and a commissioned military officer beside him were killed. However, Saint George survived uninjured. the British commander, Marlborough, wrote that Saint George "distinguished himself extraordinarily, charging at the pinnacle of and invigorating by his example [the Hanoverian] troops, UN agency contend a decent half during this happy victory. Between 1709 and 1713, Saint George and Caroline had three additional kids: Anne, Amelia, and Caroline. By 1714 Queen Anne's health had declined, and British Whigs, the UN agency that supported the Hanoverian succession, thought it prudent for one in every of the Hanoverians to measure in the European nation to safeguard the Protestant succession on Anne's death. As Saint George was a peer of the realm (as Duke of Cambridge), it was instructed that he be summoned to Parliament to sit down within the House of Lords. Each Anne and George's father refused to support the arrangement, though Saint George, Caroline, and Sophia were dead in favor. Saint George failed to go. At intervals of the year, each Sophia and Anne died, and George's father became king.